Skip to content

The Games




Para Atletik (AT)

Para Athletics is a sport that is carried out by persons with disabilities as a parasport. This sport is the same as athletics in general. The difference lies in the supporting equipment, namely wheelchairs, prosthetics, and guides.

Para Powerlifting (PO)

Powerlifting is a sport for people with disabilities (legs or hips). The way to play is more or less the same as weightlifting in general. The athlete who is able to get the most total batches will be the winner.

Goalball (GB)

Goalball is a sport that is followed for athletes with visual impairments. Athletes compete in teams of three. The way to play is to throw the ball (containing a bell) into the opponent’s goal. The ball is thrown by hand and not kicked, so it requires coordination between the ear and the hand.

Wheelchair Tennis (WT)

Whellchair Tennis is a tennis match played by athletes using wheelchairs. The categories are divided into 2, namely: • Open: for athletes with permanent foot problems (one or both) • Quad: for athletes with additional arm disorders that affect racket swings and wheelchair maneuvers

Wheelchair Basketball (WB)

The Wheelchair Basketball is an event played on an indoor court. In terms of rules, players are given a point value from 1.0 to 4.5 depending on their rate of decline. The number of players is the same as basketball in general, namely 5 people for each team.

Para Tenis Meja (TT)

Para Table Tennis is a table tennis match that can be played sitting or standing. There are 11 categories in this sport, namely classes 1-5 (with a wheelchair) and 6-11 (standing). The 11th grade is for people with intellectual disabilities. The way of playing and the rules of the game are not much different from table tennis in general.

Blind Judo (Judo)

Blind Judo is a sport that is included in the self-defense category and is followed by blind athletes. Thus, the athletes use their sense of touch to ‘feel’ the moves that will be issued by the opponent. Breathing, movement, and grip of the judogi (judo uniform) are things that must be considered in detail during the match.

Para Swimming (SW)

Para Swimming is a group of sports for men and women. The rules for this sport are adapted from the regulations set by the International Swimming Federation. Individual categories consist of backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly, freestyle, individual medley. While in the team category there is a relay competition. The swimming pool used refers to Olympic standards.

Boccia (BO)

Boccia is a sport played by athletes with cerebral palsy disabilities. Athletes can compete in singles, pairs and team events. Boccia is played indoors and tests the level of control and muscle accuracy. Athletes compete in wheelchairs. Thus, athletes will throw, kick or use a device to push the leather ball as close to the white ball as possible which is called a ‘jack’. There are six red balls and six blue balls to indicate which team is playing.

Para Chess (CH)

Chess is played in a way that is not much different from a common chess match. During the game, players must move their chess pieces according to the rules. This is done while getting rid of the opponent’s chess pieces which are commonly referred to as “eating” or “checkmate”. The player’s victory is determined by the success of the player in checkmate. In addition to checkmate, victory can also be obtained if the opponent surrenders voluntarily.

Para Archery (AR)

Archery is a sport of archery with special tools that are allowed according to the rules of classification. This sport tests accuracy, strength and concentration. The categories consist of W1, compound open and recurve open. In the individual category, archers fire 72 arrows at a target of 10 circles. Each athlete is given four minutes per round and the highest scorer can advance to a 15 darts head-to-head (single elimination) match.

CP Football (FT)

CP Football (Cerebral Palsy football) is a 7-a-side soccer game. The participants were athletes with neurological disorders, including stroke and traumatic brain injury. This sport includes several modifications. For example, there is no offside and players are allowed to throw the ball using only one hand. This match consists of 2 halves of 30 minutes each and a 15 minute break. Each team consists of 7 players with smaller goal sizes and field dimensions.

Para Badminton (BW)

The Badminton is not much different from badminton in general, there are adjustments related to the classification and requirements with the following CLASS:
WH1 (Wheelchair/severe impairment)
WH2 (Wheelchair/slight disability)
SL3 (standing/lower extremity impairment/minor)
SL4 (standing/lower extremity impairment/severe)
SU5 (standing/upper extremity impairment)
SH6 (Standing/short stature)

Sitting Volleyball (SV)

The Sitting Volleyball is a team sport that features constant movement and communication between players. Two teams of six players are separated by a net and try to score points by dropping the ball into the opponent’s court. Sitting Volleyball is basically the same as volleyball in general, only there are some adjustments. The net height is lower and the field dimensions are smaller. This match is played in a best-of-five set format and the first to reach 25 points (better) wins the set.